Genetic counseling is guidance given by a health professional (genetic counselor or medical geneticist) who is trained to help people understand their risk of getting a disease related to genetics or of having a child with an inherited (genetic) condition, such as sickle cell disease, cystic fibrosis, or hemophilia.
Genetic counseling may involve:
Teaching a parent or couple about how a specific condition is inherited or passed from parents to a child.
Discussing the problems a genetic condition may cause.
Discussing whether and how to test for a genetic condition before a woman becomes pregnant or before a child is born.
Discussing the likelihood, based on test results, that the couple will have a child with a genetic condition.
Helping a person accept his or her risk for a genetic condition such as Huntington's disease. Genetic counselors also can help a person deal with having a condition related to genetics.
Helping individuals, couples, or families make decisions about genetic testing and any related actions that are right for them.